The principle

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The principle Empty The principle

Post  meodingu on Sat Oct 09, 2010 10:54 pm


The principle

The conversion of electrical energy into mechanical energy by electromagnetic means was demonstrated by the British scientist Michael Faraday in 1821. A free-hanging wire was dipped into a pool of mercury, on which a permanent magnet was placed. When a current was passed through the wire, the wire rotated around the magnet, showing that the current gave rise to a close circular magnetic field around the wire.[4] This motor is often demonstrated in school physics classes, but brine (salt water) is sometimes used in place of the toxic mercury. This is the simplest form of a class of devices called homopolar motors. A later refinement is the Barlow's Wheel. These were demonstration devices only, unsuited to practical applications due to their primitive construction.[citation needed]
Jedlik's "electromagnetic self-rotor", 1827. (Museum of Applied Arts, Budapest. The historic motor still works perfectly today.[5])

In 1827, Hungarian Ányos Jedlik started experimenting with electromagnetic rotating devices he called "electromagnetic self-rotors". He used them for instructive purposes in universities, and in 1828 demonstrated the first device which contained the three main components of practical direct current motors: the stator, rotor and commutator. Both the stationary and the revolving parts were electromagnetic, employing no permanent magnets.[6][7][8][9][10][11] Again, the devices had no practical application.[citation needed]




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The principle Empty Re: The principle

Post  lunamoonfang on Sat Nov 27, 2010 10:50 pm

In 1827, Hungarian Ányos Jedlik started experimenting with electromagnetic rotating devices he called "electromagnetic self-rotors". He used them for instructive purposes in universities, and in 1828 demonstrated the first device which contained the three main components of practical direct current motors: the stator, rotor and commutator. Both the stationary and the revolving parts were electromagnetic, employing no permanent magnets.
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